The Hindu faith, which traces its roots back to the Vedic scriptures, is a powerful force in Indian society.
Its influence has been profound and the state is keen to maintain it.
In recent years, it has been the target of a string of attacks, with the most recent being the burning of the statue of the Buddha in Varanasi.
What is being said about Hinduism and the Hindu nationalist movement is at the core of a debate in India, with Hindu organisations demanding more robust law and order to prevent attacks.
The country has been on high alert since a Hindu mob burnt the statue in Varas and a group of people attacked a bus carrying Indian diplomats in the US city of Washington last month.
The incident sparked protests in India and a number of high-profile people were arrested.
In January, the Indian government banned the practice of Hinduism, which it defines as a religion based on the teachings of the Rig Veda, the Hindu scripture.
Many Muslims consider the scriptures to be blasphemous.
Hinduism is one of the most powerful religions in the world, with some 80 million followers worldwide.
Its followers follow the beliefs of the original Hindu god Vishnu, a Hindu deity.
Their beliefs include a belief in a creator god and the immortality of the soul.
The Hindu nationalist campaign, which is being organised by the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), is also targeting a number other religious and cultural institutions.
But some say that the RSS has no legitimate cause to take up this fight.
‘They are doing it to further their agenda, but they are trying to use it to intimidate Hindus,’ said R. Venkatesh Kumar, a professor at the Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi.
Mr Kumar said there was no credible evidence that Hinduism has links to terrorism.
‘It’s the RSS and its organisations that are the cause of Hindu extremism, he added.
Mr. Kumar said the RSS was also a victim of the recent wave of violence in Kashmir, where Muslims have been attacking Hindu temples and churches.
The Indian government is facing criticism from the US for not doing enough to stop the violence.
India has more than 300 million Hindus, according to the most current census figures.
‘The BJP has been trying to paint the Indian Hindu community as terrorists, so that it can further demonise them, and it’s trying to divert attention away from the real problem – terrorism in India,’ Mr Kumar told Al Jazeera.
He also said that the Hindu community in India is not necessarily anti-Muslim, saying it is more of a religious group than a political party.
The BJP, which has led in recent elections, is known for its strong anti-immigration stance.
The party has also been criticised for not tackling the issue of discrimination against Hindu women, which accounts for about 10 per cent of the country’s population.
In the US, the Republican party is also seen as the most prominent opponent of Hindu nationalism.