The most common questions posed to Americans about their religion in the new millennium include: What is the Bible?
What is Hinduism?
Where did it come from?
What does it mean to be a Hindu and what does it look like?
These are just a few of the questions we are asking ourselves as we consider Hinduism and its relationship to the cosmos and how it shapes the way we view ourselves and the world.
But before we delve into these questions, let’s first take a look at some of the earliest, more mundane questions we’ve faced in our religious studies courses: What was Hinduism originally?
This is one of the first questions that comes to mind when we consider the origins of Hinduism.
As we look to the earliest historical documents to answer this question, we can see that the first evidence of the existence of Hindu religion comes from a letter written in the reign of Emperor Sushruta (c.
975-1012 BCE) to his court.
In his letter, Sushrita (Sushrutas name) asks for help in understanding the meaning of the Vedas.
He writes, “The Vedas are written on the basis of the four Vedas of India (Veda, Ramayana, Upanishad and Sastras) and the other three Vedas have been recited by the people of India.”
His first question was to explain why the Vedic texts were written down in the first place.
The Vedas were written by men, who lived thousands of years ago.
They are not a collection of “divine revelations,” as the Bible or Koran would have you believe.
“The earliest reference to any ancient civilization that had a written language was found in the Sumerian Bible,” says J. Andrew Geddes, a professor of history and religion at the University of Oklahoma.
The Sumerians were an ancient civilization, a group of cultures that inhabited northern Mesopotamia and the Middle East in the 5th millennium BCE.
These early cultures had a language similar to the ancient Babylonian language.
Sumer, as well as other cultures that have been referred to as the Indus Valley Civilization (known as the Rigveda), were based in the area of present-day Pakistan.
“Sumerian civilization was not a civilization in the way that we think of today as a civilization,” Gedders said.
“It was not part of the Mesopotamian civilization.
It was a society that was nomadic.
They had no centralized government, so they had to live in large open areas with no centralized authorities.
The Indus Civilization, which was the first large civilization in what is today modern India, was the second civilization to emerge in the same region of the Indic region, and it is known for its architecture, writing, writing systems, and religion. “
But the Sumeria Civilization is another story,” he continues.
The Indus Civilization, which was the first large civilization in what is today modern India, was the second civilization to emerge in the same region of the Indic region, and it is known for its architecture, writing, writing systems, and religion.
According to Gedds, the Sumeros civilization is “the most ancient civilization in Sumeria, because the Sumerees civilization was probably the most advanced civilization in Mesopotamation.”
Sumer was an empire in its own right.
In ancient times, it was the most powerful and prosperous civilization in ancient Mesopotamic history, with an empire stretching from the city of Nineveh to the city-state of Ur.
But Sumer and its civilization were under threat from other civilizations, which were competing for resources, territory, and power.
“This was not just an Islamic invasion, but also an Indo-European invasion,” Giddes said.
For centuries, there were many wars that raged across Mesopotamus.
These wars were often fought by local populations who had little or no contact with the civilizations they were fighting.
The destruction of Sumer could have been one of these wars.
“They were trying to defend themselves from other groups that had been encroaching into their territory, which is what the Sumero-Urartu wars were all about,” Guddes said, referencing the Indo-Greek War of 931-936 BCE.
“If you look at the Sumeri-Urarthu War, it is really a clash between Sumeric and Urartu.”
Sumeria, a large and fertile land, was home to many of the Indo -Greek, Semitic, and Near Eastern civilizations that were fighting over resources.
According in the Bible, the two main cities of Sumeria and Urth, Urartes capital, were the cities of Urth and Uruk.
These cities are known today as Ur and Urim, respectively, because they are in the region that is now Pakistan.
Ur is located in the western part of Pakistan, and Ur was the seat of the city that became the