The history of Hinduism is an important part of our understanding of how India developed its culture, identity and identity politics, writes Christopher Furlong in this article.
The world’s largest religious community has been around for more than 5,000 years and is now widely recognised as one of the world’s oldest societies.
The ancient world has many similarities with Hinduism, but in particular its distinctive religion is different.
The word “Hindu” is derived from Sanskrit, which means “the people”.
“In the ancient world, there was no concept of caste,” said Dr Andrew Gaff, an associate professor of comparative religion at the University of New South Wales.
“Caste system is an idea that arose in the ancient Greek city-states, but it didn’t exist in the Indo-European world.”
The word “caste” is a Latin term that means “class”, which was the status of a particular group of people in society.
“It’s a lot more inclusive than the term ‘race’,” Dr Gaff said.
“For example, I think of caste as a term that encompasses all people who have a common ancestry, whether they’re white or black, Asian or Aboriginal, all people of a certain skin colour, who share a common culture, language, and religion.”
The history of the word “caste”In Sanskrit, the word for “class” is caste.
“Class” in Sanskrit was a word for a group of humans who shared common ancestry.
The term “cattle” is from the Greek word for cattle, which meant cattle herders, which was a term for a class of people.
“In Ancient India, there were two classes: Brahmans and Vaishyas,” Dr Guff said.
It was this idea of equality that gave rise to the concept of “equality” which was enshrined in Hindu scripture, called the Vedas.””
And it was a very patriarchal society, which also meant that people who were lower caste were more subordinate than those higher caste people.”
It was this idea of equality that gave rise to the concept of “equality” which was enshrined in Hindu scripture, called the Vedas.
“If you believe in equality, then there can be no caste system,” Dr Furloong said.
A century later, Hinduism was revived with the establishment of the first Hindu temple at Tirumala in 1642.
The concept of equality was further enshrined by the 1857 Mahabharata, written by Jain poet-historian Ramakrishna.
“Hinduism has had a long history, and has had its roots in the Vedic tradition,” Dr Jaff said, adding that the term “Hindus” was used by Hindu leaders in the 18th and 19th centuries.
“But it’s very different to other religious traditions.”
They use a very different vocabulary to describe their beliefs,” Dr Karkare said.
The term “hinduism” is an abbreviation of the Sanskrit word for the people or the community.”
The term ‘Hindu’ is derived of Sanskrit, a language that is a descendant of Greek,” Dr Datta said.
Its origins can be traced back to the Vedānta, the Hindu scripture.”
And in the Sanskrit language, the name ‘Hind’ means the people, which is why the word ‘Hinuman’ is a word of reference,” Dr Bhattacharya said.
Hinduists also hold great respect for their ancestors, he said.
Dr Bhattahari said the name of the temple at the site of the Tirumalai Mahal in Chennai was “very close to the name the Buddha.””
They call the site, the Mahal, Mahal Tirumallai, which stands for the same thing,” he said, “the Mahal is the Mahāgārata of the Buddha,” a Buddhist holy book.
The temple was built on a hill near the city, and there is a famous story that when a woman, Sāma, was dying, she came to the place where the Buddha was.”
She went to the spot where he was and asked him to heal her,” Dr Naidu said.
At the temple, there are numerous statues of Buddha.
But the statue of the Goddess, called Saraswati, was not the most important one.”
This statue is the most famous one, which has the biggest footprint and the biggest name, which tells you that this is where the Mahatma went to visit his wife,” Dr Sengupta said.
There are other statues at the temple that show Hindu beliefs.
The statue of Lakshmana, who was the wife of Shiva, has been carved into the rock by people from the area around Tirumalinga.”
These people are not from here,” Dr Tapan Senguptas said.
In a video that was made in 2002, Senguvatnam told people from around the world to come to the temple